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Optimizing cystoscopy and TURBT: enhanced imaging and artificial intelligence - Nature Reviews Urology

Optimizing cystoscopy and TURBT: enhanced imaging and artificial intelligence - Nature Reviews Urology
Cystoscopy and transurethral resection of the bladder tumour are crucial in bladder cancer diagnosis, treatment and surveillance. Advances in enhanced cystoscopy technologies and artificial intelligence offer promising avenues to address the unmet need to improve tumour delineation and resection.

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Optimizing cystoscopy and TURBT: enhanced imaging and artificial intelligence

A recent article published in Nature Reviews Urology delves into the current standard for the diagnosis, surgical treatment, and surveillance of bladder cancer, which involves diagnostic cystoscopy combined with transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT). Despite advances in imaging science and endoscopy, bladder cancer recurrence and progression rates remain high after endoscopic resection due to the heterogeneity of cancer biology and limitations in surgical techniques and tools. The article highlights the unmet clinical need for solutions that can improve tumor delineation and resection. Translational advances in enhanced cystoscopy technologies and artificial intelligence offer promising avenues to overcome this progress plateau. The authors disclose support for research of this work from the National Institutes of Health and the Department of Veterans Affairs. The authors declare no competing interests. The article is available at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41585-024-00904-9.

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