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How will AI Impact Racial Disparities in Education? | Stanford Law School

How will AI Impact Racial Disparities in Education? | Stanford Law School
It’s hard to avoid the topic of artificial intelligence. Since ChatGPT was introduced in November 2022, AI has infiltrated just about every aspect o

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AI's Impact on Racial Disparities in Education

Artificial intelligence (AI) has rapidly infiltrated various aspects of human life, including education. While AI offers the promise of transforming education and improving outcomes for marginalized students, concerns have been raised about its potential to exacerbate racial disparities. AI's impact on racial disparities in education is critically important, and this article examines the current issues and potential benefits of AI, as well as ethical considerations and the impact of the digital divide on underserved students.

AI has been used in education since 1970, with applications such as adaptive learning platforms, AI-driven tutoring systems, and AI-powered writing tools. These tools have the potential to personalize learning, reduce math achievement gaps, help multilingual learners, and accommodate students with disabilities. However, AI algorithms may exacerbate racial disparities in education by replicating pre-existing biases, particularly in predictive analytical tools and university admissions algorithms.

Ethical considerations around AI in education include concerns about student privacy, data collection, and the digital divide. Access to AI tools and AI literacy disproportionately impacts students of color, low-income, and rural students, potentially widening achievement and opportunity gaps in education.

The rapidly evolving nature of AI complicates its regulation, with states taking the lead in moving AI policy efforts forward. Colorado recently enacted the Artificial Intelligence Act, and California lawmakers have advanced around 30 bills on AI to protect consumers and jobs. The White House released the Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights, and President Biden issued an Executive Order on the Safe, Secure, and Trustworthy Development and Use of Artificial Intelligence. Digital Promise also released a Digital Equity Framework to address the digital divide and support the ethical development of AI programs.

In conclusion, while AI offers the promise of transforming education, its impact on racial disparities and ethical considerations must be carefully considered and regulated to ensure equitable access and outcomes for all students.